Short-Term Memory Trivia Quiz

Short-Term Memory Trivia Quiz

Answer each question to the best of your ability. Results are at the end. Enjoy!

  • Question of

    One key difference between sensory memory and short-term memory is that

    • The information in sensory memory fades in one or two seconds, while short-term memories last several hours.
    • Short-term memories can be described, while sensory memories cannot.
    • The quality and detail of sensory memory are far superior to those of short-term memory.
    • Sensory memory stores auditory information, while short-term memory stores visual information.
  • Question of

    The simplest way to maintain information in short-term memory is to repeat the information in a process called…

    • Chunking
    • Revision
    • Recall
    • Rehearsal
  • Question of

    Short-term memory is sometimes referred to as working memory because

    • In order to hold information in short-term memory, we must use it.
    • It takes effort to move information from sensory memory to short-term memory.
    • It is the only part of our memory system that we must actively engage to retrieve previously learned information.
    • Creating short-term memories is a difficult task requiring a lot of practice.
  • Question of

    An instructor gives her students a list of terms to memorize for their biology exam and immediately asks one student to recite the terms back to her. Which terms will this student most likely recall from the list?

    • The student won’t recall any of the terms because he has not used rehearsal to encode them.
    • Since there was no delay in asking for the terms, the student will remember those at the end of the list, showing a recency effect.
    • Since there was no delay in asking for the terms, the student will remember those at the beginning of the list, showing a primacy effect.
    • The student will recall only those items to which he has attached some meaning, regardless of where they fall on the list.
  • Question of

    An instructor gives her students a list of terms to memorize for their biology exam. After allowing the students three minutes to look over the list, she asks one student to recite the terms back to her, from memory. What information will this student likely be able to recall from the list?

    • The student won’t recall any of the terms because he has not used rehearsal to encode them.
    • Since there was no delay in asking for the terms, the student will remember those at the end of the list, showing a recency effect.
    • Since there was a delay in asking for the terms, the student will remember those at the beginning of the list, showing a primacy effect.
    • The student will recall only those items to which he has attached some meaning, regardless of where they fall on the list.
  • Question of

    Which of the following bits of information would be the easiest to chunk, and thus encode?

    • 198274
    • IEKFES
    • 278392
    • XYZZYX
  • Question of

    Which situation below describes the use of hierarchies for memorizing information?

    • Repeating each vocabulary term out loud five times and then reading its definition from the textbook.
    • Organizing notes into three central themes and studying information in relation to those themes.
    • Writing down the definitions of every vocabulary term in the chapter and reading them out loud.
    • Creating flashcards covering key concepts and reviewing the information until it is learned.
  • Question of

    Memory researchers define forgetting as the….

    • Inability to retain information in working memory long enough to make use of it.
    • Sudden loss of information after head trauma.
    • Inability to retrieve information from long-term memory.
    • Process by which information is lost in transit from short-term memory to long-term memory.
  • Question of

    Which situation describes the phenomenon of retroactive interference?

    • Samantha can’t recall what day of the week it is.
    • James keeps entering his old PIN with his new ATM car.
    • Darnell keeps referring to his old VCR as a Blu-ray player.
  • Question of

    Naming as many state capitals as you can requires you to engage in…

    • Cued Recall
    • Priming
    • Spreading Activation
    • Free Recall

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