Judgment Psychology Trivia Quiz

  • Question of

    Why does statistical training have an effect on judgment and reasoning?

    • It causes System 2 to develop, which we can then use
    • It makes it easier to for us trigger System 2
    • It shows us how effective heuristics are
    • It causes us to use System 2 for all problems
  • Question of

    Which of the following is FALSE about statistical training…

    • A single training session of less than an hour improves judgment
    • Training makes us more likely to use the representative heuristic
    • A course in statistics can improve judgment even in tasks not connected to the course
    • Training probably helps by allowing us to trigger System-2 thinking more easily
  • Question of

    Decisions based on utility calculations should

    • Make us vulnerable to external manipulations
    • Be immune to framing effects
    • Lead to self-contradictions
    • Be most likely to be made in situations involving questions of morality
  • Question of

    Participants were MOST likely to guess correctly the rule behind a series of numbers if they

    • Remembered incorrect guesses as almost correct instead of wrong
    • Focused on providing support for their own theories
    • Asked questions that could disconfirm their theories
    • Carefully scrutinized disconfirming evidence for flaws and inconsistencies
  • Question of

    Which of the following is FALSE regarding categorical syllogisms?

    • People often agree that if “all P are M” and “all S are M,” then “all P are S
    • When syllogisms endorse conclusions people believe to be false, they will scrutinize them particularly hard and therefore answer more accurately
    • People are more likely to endorse conclusions that support what they already believe to be true
    • Performance improves when syllogisms are spelled out in concrete terms
  • Question of

    Errors in reasoning about conditional statements are LESS common when

    • The conclusions diverge from one’s prior beliefs
    • Problems are abstract rather than concrete
    • The problems involve negatives
    • The logical rule under question is modus ponens rather than modus tollens
  • Question of

    Utility theory seems implausible as a(n) _______ theory of decision making and, for many people, is morally unacceptable as a(n) _______ theory of decision making.

    • Descriptive; normative
    • Normative; descriptive
    • Inductive; deductive
    • Deductive; inductive
  • Question of

    People are MOST likely to use heuristics

    • When explicit training has primed the effortful system
    • If they are fully alert and without distraction
    • If they have high intelligence
    • If they are under time pressure
  • Question of

    In a game where one chooses cards from either a high-risk or low-risk stack, participants with damage to the orbitofrontal cortex

    • Chose cards from the low-risk stack
    • Behaved the same as participants without brain damage
    • Displayed an emotional response only after turning over a card
    • Correctly assessed the risk but found it exciting rather than aversive
  • Question of

    When reasoning, it is important to consider the overall likelihood that an individual will be in one category or another, independent of diagnostic information. This overall likelihood is called

    • Stereotyping
    • The base rate
    • Anchoring
    • The standard error rate

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